One of very few women to travel long distances by canoe in central Canada, she accompanied her husband on business trips, and painted them.
He continued to paint large awe-inspiring views of America even when touring Europe. But after his death, his work almost became extinct like the buffalo.
Trained in Düsseldorf, he undertook two major trips to the Rocky Mountains, in 1859 and 1863, and painted awe-inspiring views of the peaks and valleys.
His ‘Heart of the Andes’ was viewed by more than 12,000 when shown in New York. Many of them brought opera glasses to see its fine details.
His working methods were traditional, in making copious drawings and oil sketches in front of the motif, then composing those into large finished oil paintings.
Edward Lear paints his visits to Palestine, Greece, Albania, and India, including a breathtaking view of Kangchenjunga from Darjeeling.
Once Britain’s foremost natural history artist, when he realised his eyesight was failing he turned to painting landscapes on his travels.
His later paintings showed previous expeditions, a new trip to the Matabele in search of gold, and early settlers in Cape Province, South Africa.
A coach-painter from Norfolk who emigrated to South Africa when he was 22, then went on expedition there, in Australia, and with David Livingstone.
Spectacular paintings of India, followed by those of Australia and New Zealand, as recommended by Charles Darwin.