With Monet’s grainstacks and fog on the River Thames, by the 20th century the effects of fog had become part of Western landscape painting.
Until about 1800, Western landscape painting sought to reveal rather than to hide. It was JMW Turner and Caspar David Friedrich who popularised the effect of fog.
A century ago, the Great War ended. Here are some great paintings from war artists like John Singer Sargent and Paul Nash, and others like Lovis Corinth.
One more outstanding landscape, and a series of figurative works, one of which may show his aspirations for the future.
More figurative works from 1915, in which he continued to push boundaries, and one brilliant landscape from the following year.
He turned more to figurative painting in his final years, inspired by Hodler. Superb stained glass design for an Art Nouveau church in Vienna’s psychiatric hospital, and a dress for Klimt’s partner.
Some fascinating townscapes based on drawings and sketches from 1914, and two rather disturbing figurative works.
Landscapes influenced by Hodler dominate his painting prior to the First World War. They seem timeless and eternal, some of his finest art.
Into the 20th century, with superb paintings from Hodler and William Merritt Chase, to Marsden Hartley.
From Arcimboldo’s vegetable portrait to the height of Impressionism with Monet and Pissarro, some of the finest paintings of the season.