A World View with a high aspect ratio, they came to dominate in the latter half of the 19th century, some being major commercial attractions. Now ubiquitous.
From an elevated viewpoint, finely detailed, great depth, figures and buildings tiny in the immensity of the view, far distant horizon – it’s a World View.
Trained in sciences and painting in his native Germany, he emigrated to Australia in 1850. He was a member of the Burke and Wills Expedition, but never returned.
Trained with Gérôme in Paris, he painted fine rural landscapes of Alpine meadows, religious works, and used advanced optical effects.
Churchyards and graveyards in the darker side of French history, in Egypt, and in deep countryside by the fjords of Norway.
Churchyards and graveyards in the art of William Hogarth, Caspar David Friedrich, Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Louis Welden Hawkins, and others.
Perhaps the one and only expedition sponsored by an art collector, William Bradford sailed to Greenland in 1869, and based the rest of career on its images.
Courbet’s late coastal views and waves, Cézanne’s Post-Impressionism and radical watercolours, Hodler’s sublime view over Lake Geneva, and Signac’s mixed media.
They painted many of their finest works late in their careers: Rembrandt became more painterly and gestural, using surface texture of paint, and Turner anticipated much of Impressionism.
In 1855, he joined the Macchiaioli and painted small oil sketches en plein air, which he later turned into finished landscapes in the studio. And histories.