From abandonment by his father, to the reunion in which Medea tried to poison him, Theseus was a true and thoroughly flawed hero.
Whistler encouraged him to paint in 1900, and he went on to Impressionist landscapes during the early 20th century. He also won a gold medal at the Olympics, and taught Winston Churchill.
During the winter of 1824-25, when in Bordeaux, he painted about 40 remarkable miniatures on slivers of ivory. Here are nine of the survivors.
Rubens as a landscape painter influenced by the Brueghels, and the changing horizons seen in Dutch Golden Age paintings.
First Sancho convinces Don Quixote that an ugly peasant girl stinking of garlic is Lady Dulcinea, then they bump into a troupe of actors and nearly get stoned again.
From his battle with the sea monster to the deadly fight at his wedding to Andromeda, paintings by Titian, Veronese, Burne-Jones, Vallotton and others.
From conception in the rape of Danaë by Zeus, to his mission to bring the head of Medusa to King Polydectes, paintings by Klimt, Burne-Jones, and others.
A pupil of Theodore Roussel, who introduced him to Whistler and Sickert, he painted Impressionist plein air oil sketches around London.
The remaining seven Black Paintings, a double portrait of the artist with the doctor who had saved his life, and a heartfelt painting of Saint Peter.
In 1819, Goya retired to live in a villa just outside the chaos of Madrid. On its walls he painted 14 nightmare visions. Here are seven of them.