From Turner, through Calame, John Ferguson Weir, and the last paintings of Gustave Courbet in exile, to Ferdinand Hodler.
After his training, he returned to the city of Odesa to paint and teach others, and became a key figure in the city’s arts into the 20th century.
Perception changed with photography, and we came to interpret blur, lines and other devices as indicating motion.
Motion can be implied against the rules we learn about how the world works. It can also be shown in billowing garments.
Milliners trimmed and sold hats to customers, which appeared to be more rewarding, and the chance to wear the latest fashions.
View by many as the start of a slippery slope to prostitution, dressmaking demanded long hours of work in return for a pittance/
Born to the north of Odesa, Ukraine, he painted Tschaikowski in his last year, and scenes from life in the country.
Two birds associated with different beliefs: Hera or Juno’s peacocks, and the white dove as a physical manifestation of the Holy Spirit.
Two birds associated with myth: Zeus’s eagle, often used to indicate his presence in disguise, and the symbol of night and wisdom, the owl.
Complete table of contents for this series on the early years of French Impressionism, and the First Impressionist Exhibition of 1874.