A fellow-student of Emile Claus, he painted scenes from the Vendée uprising, then took to history painting at the end of the 19th century.
His enigmatic paintings of interiors appear cinematic in their composition and lighting, akin to those of cinematographers of the future, not painters of the past.
Originally a portraitist in academic style, he was a Nabi in the early 1890s before developing his own simple but strange figurative paintings.
Popular in the early Renaissance, it was revived by William Blake, the Nabis, and a few others. Despite its disadvantages, these are wonderful paintings.
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Some of the most famous works of European art: Vitruvian Man, The Last Supper, and the second (London) version of the Virgin of the Rocks.
After the Furies appear at the gate of Dis, an angel opens the gate, and Dante and Virgil see the tombs containing those guilty of heresy.
From the death of 14 year-old Joseph Bara to the massacre of local Catholics, civil war in the land to the south and north of the Loire was thoroughly brutal.
With his chroma increasing all the time, he took to a series of classical myths, set on French beaches. Later his paintings became more devotional.
One of the co-founders of Les Nabis, many of his paintings are religious in theme. He was also a fan of Cézanne, and painted a major homage to him.