His second vast canvas almost brings him to financial and artistic failure, but he recovers.
Full membership of the Royal Academy, a gigantic landscape of the sublime, and several important commissions: the peak of his career.
One of the major figures in British painting in the first half of the 1800s, but usually ignored today. His oil sketches are exceptional.
Turner’s innovation was driven by his desire to explore colour contrasts and texture. But it led him to lapses in technique which have damaged his paintings.
It wasn’t until later in his career that he discovered his formula for success: putting farm animals into his landscapes.
His visit to Italy resulted in some of the finest paintings of Venice, several completed shortly before his untimely death.
Although he did not even make his 26th birthday, Bonington was very successful, and a great influence on Delacroix and others since.
It is hard to be sure when oil painting outdoors first started, but the oldest such paintings date from before 1700.
His old oaks were saplings during the Middle Ages, and he was a great influence on Gainsborough, Constable, and others.
He intended to be a landscape painter, and was co-founder of the British school of landscape painting. A major influence of Constable and others.