Anders Zorn, William Blake, John Constable, the amazing Pre-Raphaelite Kate Bunce, and Samuel Palmer’s painting of Sir Guyon and the Palmer.
Dutch Golden Age brandjes, West’s failure, fires in Venice and Copenhagen, and the rivals John Constable and JMW Turner painting London on fire.
The story of landscape paintings which are dominated by the sky, from the Dutch Golden Age to Surrealism.
He didn’t ‘sky’ like Constable, but did make innovative studies of skies on the coast. Paintings a good 30-40 years ahead of his time.
Between about 1814 and 1836, Constable painted many fine skyscapes, and in the 1820s indulged in ‘skying’, oil sketches of the sky above him.
Innovation moved to the countryside around Rome, with Joseph Vernet, and Valenciennes, who prescribed skying in his textbook on landscape painting.
From the early landscapes of Rubens and Dutch masters to the surrealist skyscapes of Paul Nash, introducing a history of painting the sky.
From Dürer in about 1500, through van Ruisdael, Hobbema, Vernet, Girtin, to Constable watermills were popular in landscape art.
Most of his paintings before 1829 flopped when shown in Britain, but from the Salon of 1824, his work was highly praised in Paris.
Paintings of windmills from Hieronymus Bosch, Rembrandt, Jacob van Ruisdael, Thomas Girtin, and others.