Naturalism was a phenomenon of Northern Europe, centred in Paris with Jules Bastien-Lepage as its high priest. Except here it is in the Italian island of Sicily, in the backstreets of Catania.
Now seen as the odd man out of the Impressionists, at the time he had great influence. Here are samples of the work of those he influenced.
Degas was nothing if not thoroughly sociable. Here are some of his more significant artistic friendships, with paintings.
A major influence in Italian art in the 1800s, he was highly skilled in telling stories, and solved problems which had troubled the Masters before.
The first American symbolist, his beautiful paintings are rich in symbols and stories, and decorate the Library of Congress.
The final four and a half years of De Nittis’s career were busy, productive, and successful.
Almost forgotten today, he was technically brilliant, and a full-bore Impressionist. Here is his life and paintings to 1879.
A painter in enamel, three assorted landscape painters, and probably the most gifted artist of the whole group.
We should refer to European and not French Impressionism, although prior to about 1880 the hub of the movement was certainly Paris.
In the absence of any clearly articulated theoretical statements from the core French Impressionists, there are no obvious rules or clear criteria handed down.