View by many as the start of a slippery slope to prostitution, dressmaking demanded long hours of work in return for a pittance/
From 1875 on, paintings of surgical procedures, heroes of medical and surgical advances, and the new clinical look of hospitals.
Rejected from the 1876 Centennial Exhibition as ‘unsightly’, The Gross Clinic was hidden in an Army hospital. In 2006, it was almost sold for $68 million.
The deathbed, hospital beds through the ages, and what we apparently get up to when we take a friend to bed.
Where did milliners come from? How does it take 5 hours to choose a hat? What did Ouled Naïl women wear on their head? More wonderful paintings of hats and their owners.
More slumbering people painted by Courbet, Doré, Walter Crane, and major painters of the 19th century.
Better known for his sculpture, his visit to Seville let him paint women working in the huge tobacco factory there. He also depicted those working in coastal industries.
Less often painted than the rural poor, Naturalism did show the growing pains of the 19th century cities. Paintings from Lhermitte, Luce, Bellows, and more.
Naturalist painting both supported the State, and attacked it – sometimes so much that works had to be suppressed. The real history of art at the end of the 19th century.
Unlike Impressionism, which spread relatively slowly, Naturalism was prominent in the Salon, so spread across Europe and North America like wildfire.