Contents with links to all the articles in this series, and a detailed index of all the countries and regions shown in paintings.
Pupil of Richard Wilson, one of the fathers of British landscape painting, he accompanied Captain Cook on his second exploratory voyage to the Pacific.
Between 1817 and 1842, he went on a succession of expeditions in the US, Colombia, and the Pacific islands, as artist and naturalist. Yet he was even buried in an unmarked grave. Does modesty pay?
He continued to add to his unique collection of paintings of birds after The Birds of America was published, and painted animals too.
Born in Haiti, raised in France, emigrated to the US when he was 18, he assembled a unique collection of paintings of birds from his many field trips.
One of very few women to travel long distances by canoe in central Canada, she accompanied her husband on business trips, and painted them.
He continued to paint large awe-inspiring views of America even when touring Europe. But after his death, his work almost became extinct like the buffalo.
Trained in Düsseldorf, he undertook two major trips to the Rocky Mountains, in 1859 and 1863, and painted awe-inspiring views of the peaks and valleys.
His ‘Heart of the Andes’ was viewed by more than 12,000 when shown in New York. Many of them brought opera glasses to see its fine details.
His working methods were traditional, in making copious drawings and oil sketches in front of the motif, then composing those into large finished oil paintings.