From about 1550-1680, European painting influenced that in Japan. During 200 years of later isolation, Westernisation continued more slowly.
It was Vincent van Gogh who first showed rain streaks, in a painting made just a few days before his death. They’ve since become a standard visual device.
Painters paid little attention to the form of near-breaking regular waves until the mid-1700s. Japanese art later changed Western painting, with a single print by Hokusai.
This tiny island within easy reach of Tokyo is dedicated to the goddess of music and entertainment. Here it’s shown in ukiyo-e woodblock prints and paintings.
How a small group of Dutch merchants were able to bring Western influence to Japanese painting during the Edo period.