Full contents for this series, with lists of artists considered in each of its articles, and links to the articles.
An overview starting with the sculptural folds of the late 13th century, peaking with Raphael and Rembrandt, and dissolving with Renoir and Sargent in the early 20th century.
Pastellist like Rosalba Carriera led the way in making marks to create the illusion of finely detailed fabrics. This contrasts with smooth and detailed faces.
Independent development of landscape as a genre in Britain, from Gainsborough to John Constable, and radical departure from tradition.
Gainsborough, Richard Wilson, Alexander Cozens, Thomas Jones, George Morland – establishing landscape painting in the 18th century.
Using repeated forms, usually regularly spaced, is a well-known technique for increasing depth, adding optical effects, and more.
Primary task to milk cows by hand, also make possible the eradication of smallpox. Paintings by Rubens, Potter, Vermeer, Gainsborough and others.
He took a break from ‘modern history’ painting in the 1780s, making religious works and even some landscapes, including some unknown gems.
Compositional techniques usually involving foreground trees which increase the depth of a picture. Explained and illustrated.
With a binder of gum arabic, watercolours came into use in the Renaissance, and have steadily increased in popularity.