Never shown to the public in traditional paintings, a vital layer which goes between paint and the support. White, colour, chalk or oil.
Superb paintings of lightning storms by Giorgione, Poussin, Delacroix, Constable, Bierstadt, Rousseau, Klimt, Bonnard, and Tom Thomson.
Why do Canaletto’s gondolas not have shadows? Where did Cézanne get his shadows wrong, and why, and what colour are shadows really?
Into the 20th century, with superb paintings from Hodler and William Merritt Chase, to Marsden Hartley.
Introduced in about 1806, it was used by Turner, Friedrich, Delacroix, Corot, the Pre-Raphaelites, the Impressionists, and many others. With examples of those works.
A look back at some of my favourite articles on painters and painting, from Moreau and Salome, to Merson’s tame wolf.
From John Singer Sargent to Charles Demuth, war artists showing the horrors of the Great War to the wild waters and hills of central Canada.
Paintings of trees in their magnificent autumn colours by Millais, Inness, Monet, Homer, Pissarro, Tom Thomson, Paul Nash, and more.
The winter saw two of his finest and most important paintings, The Jack Pine and The West Wind – both painted in the studio. But he still painted outdoors as much as he could.
After a winter working on decorative panels, he had another successful and productive season painting outdoors in Algonquin Park.