Joshua Reynolds, who aspired to paint like Rembrandt; JMW Turner who explored colour contrasts and texture; Edgar Degas, who dried his oils before painting.
Did Vermeer use a camera obscura? What went wrong with Impressionist oil sketches? When did Klimt paint from photographs? Does any of this really detract from the art in a painting?
Sketches and studies are the richest evidence for the artistic in craft-dominated processes required to turn those into a painting.
Latest in a succession of techniques, AR can guide someone to draw, just the camera obscura, photography and projectors did. Do these detract from the art in a painting?
Did the Impressionists invent plein air painting? And was Impressionism dependent on the supply of oil paints in tubes?
The nineteenth century saw the successful introduction of more new pigments than had the preceding two millenia.
The period 1700 to 1850 saw the introduction of the first modern pigments, such as Prussian blue and emerald green, which started to transform paintings.
This traces the pigments, palettes and techniques used in easel paintings from Classical times to 1700.
How choice from available pigments, coupled with the way of applying the paint, relate to painting style.
Oil paints have been used for centuries in most of Europe’s greatest paintings, together worth far more than […]