For painters, hospital medicine was spectacle, and its doctors actors on a stage. As time progressed, artists and doctors looked more closely at the patient.
An illustrated index of the 61 artists covered in this series, with links to detailed coverage.
There are several Russian (and Ukrainian) painters who have been claimed to have had impressionist styles, usually for a period in the late nineteenth century. Here are two of the greatest of them.
Several Finnish painters assumed impressionist style, although in the case of Gallen-Kallela it was a step on his road to Expressionism.