Knowing the difference helps you work out what to do in response, and how to work out what went wrong.
I was replying to a tweet when the display suddenly went black. Was my iMac Pro dead, or just auto-rebooting after a kernel panic, and why?
Can you tell the difference? What is the significance of each, and do you know what to do about them? An introductory guide.
Was that crash a freeze, a panic, or just a spinning beachball? And what do they mean?