Smoke in paintings by Poussin, Millet, Homer, Sargent, Waterhouse, Rossetti, and others with more subtle meanings about wind, magic, and gambling.
Escorts of valkyries, the bird of the gibbet, and seeker of carrion: crows and ravens are associated with death, magic, and more.
A major influence of realism, leading to Naturalism, and on Impressionism, Courbet was one of those who paved the way for modern art.
Superb paintings of lightning storms by Giorgione, Poussin, Delacroix, Constable, Bierstadt, Rousseau, Klimt, Bonnard, and Tom Thomson.
From Conté crayons to oil pastels, stick media have many advantages and are rightly popular today. Here are examples by Millet, Seurat, Redon, Schiele, Bonnard, and others.
From being staffage in landscapes, shepherds and their flocks became motifs in their own right, with the social realist of Millet, even Henri Regnault.
Used by Joseph Wright of Derby to symbolise knowledge coming from darkness, by Henry Fuseli for the mysterious even supernatural, and Millet and van Gogh for poverty.
From their genre roots in the Dutch Golden Age, through Géricault and Courbet, to the social realism of Millet, Manet, and most of all Lhermitte.
Landscapes generally without stories attached. Among them two scenes of early caravanning, a sower, and back to the railway.
In these years, he painted peaceful rural scenes, without the social narratives which had featured in his earlier work.