When Microsoft changes the way it represents emoji, no one worries. When Apple proposes to, many are up in arms. Why?
Language has rich and precise mechanisms for dealing with time. Narrative painting is not without its tools, though.
Is modernism different with respect to its use of visual tropes such as metonymy? The answer leads us to conclusions about the reliance of language and painting on metaphor and metonymy.
Visual metaphor is common in advertising. Such images succeed in bringing together two apparently unrelated subjects, using the one to position the product favourably in the mind of the beholder.
Just as we are practised and skilled at reading beyond the literality of words, we need tools to see beyond pictures. This is the start of a journey to acquire those tools, and achieve visual literacy.