It was the patrons who funded, enabled, and occasionally directed the movement towards realism and secular subjects, and developed the genres.
For over a century, Italian painters had strived to achieve coherent perspective projection, but it was until about 1420 that this was achieved. How essential was it?
Considers what exactly changed in painting in the Renaissance, and when we can establish as those dates, compared with literature, for example.
How the Tuscan city of Florence came to provide the right conditions for the Renaissance during the 14th century.
Paintings by Vermeer, Delaroche, Whistler, Gérôme, Waterhouse and others showing wonderful carpets and floors.
In the hands, and brushes, of great artists, a religious set-piece becomes a succession of marvellous and highly innovative paintings.
The importance of perspective in Western painting is hotly debated, but there is no doubt that is has brought about very visible change.
The earliest landscape paintings – and very many since – have fundamentally been visual records of the world.