Rome saved from invasion of Lars Porsena and his Tuscans/Etruscans, by the bravery of one man, Horatius Cocles.
Often an excuse for a classical nude, at least two paintings show her clothed, and many reveal her love affairs.
Painted by Bosch, the animal painter Paulus Potter, Charles Le Brun, and others. Best known from Hannibal’s crossing of the Alps.
Look where the figures are looking: that helps you read many paintings. Fine examples from Moreau, Gérôme, Lovis Corinth, Velázquez, and others.
Bridges have had huge impact on man, but aren’t normally considered aesthetically attractive. Paintings from van Eyck to Jongkind show increasing interest among artists.
From fresco to varnish: a succinct summary of all the different media which have been used in painting, with links to more detailed articles.
Good for watercolour and pastels alone? Paper and cardboard have also been used extensively for oil sketches, and more.
Developed in the mid 1600s, pastels are often considered to be the ‘purest’ form of painting, in which pure pigment is applied to the ground.
Shepherds and shepherdesses painted in stories, from classical myth, through the Bible and Christ’s nativity, to epic poetry, including Milton’s Paradise Lost.
In 1660, he co-founded the Gobelins factory which became the leading maker of tapestries. He also set what became ‘Louis XIV Style’ in furniture.