With Monet’s grainstacks and fog on the River Thames, by the 20th century the effects of fog had become part of Western landscape painting.
He turned more to figurative painting in his final years, inspired by Hodler. Superb stained glass design for an Art Nouveau church in Vienna’s psychiatric hospital, and a dress for Klimt’s partner.
Landscapes influenced by Hodler dominate his painting prior to the First World War. They seem timeless and eternal, some of his finest art.
Into the 20th century, with superb paintings from Hodler and William Merritt Chase, to Marsden Hartley.
In the nineteenth century, with the decline of patronage and changed art markets, fables become more popular among painter, at least before they gained patrons.
He first painted rural workers, in a distinctive earth palette. Then came the war, which changed everything.
Holder expressed what he saw as the deeper truth and the inner unity of the world around him. His paintings are fascinating and enduring.
Despite the death of his lover, the war, and his own declining health, he painted some of the most sublime landscapes of the century.
Before the First World War, he painted a huge mural in Hanover’s new town hall, portraits influenced by Klimt, and more marvellous landscapes. Here they are.
A major painter in Austria in the early 20th century, his early paintings appear Naturalist. Then in 1900 he saw the work of Hodler, and his work changed dramatically.