Paintings by Puvis were the antithesis of realism, Impressionism, and the Academic. They became popular after the Franco-Prussian War.
Four years of landscapes, becoming increasingly painterly. Early views of major Impressionist themes around Paris and the coast at Étretat, over a decade before Monet.
His grand spectacle of The Age of Augustus was brave, but less successful than more modest paintings of Russian soldiers, or a comic duel.
Three major paintings, each very ambitious, but abandoned, reworked, and abandoned again, give insight into his progress in changing history painting.
In America, geographic isolation and growing freedom led to the craft of oil painting being smothered by artistic intent. Here are some results.
If anyone led Impressionism during the 1860s and early 1870s, it was surely Jongkind.