Loyal to their master or mistress, often to the point of self-sacrifice. Paintings by Titian, Rembrandt, Rubens, Velázquez, Courbet and Bonnard.
From being staffage in landscapes, shepherds and their flocks became motifs in their own right, with the social realist of Millet, even Henri Regnault.
Where land, sea, and sky meet. Sought-after and hugely popular in fine weather, the forces of nature are most obvious in storms. The cradle of Impressionism and more modern painting.
Initially a portrait and history painter, he co-founded the Barbizon School in the late 1840s, turning to evocative scenes of poor country people.
A look back at some of the series and some surprises which you might have missed over the last year.
A precocious painter who became more famous in Britain than in her native France, she liked painting powerful animals like oxen and lions.
His meticulous paintings of farm animals transformed landscape practice, and created a new sub-genre.
It wasn’t until later in his career that he discovered his formula for success: putting farm animals into his landscapes.
Boudin painted independently, having been a major influence on Monet and Impressionism.