After Symbolism, he turned to Impressionism, with a wide range of motifs from mountain peaks to smoky steelworks.
A pupil of Hans Gude, he stopped painting for over 10 years. When he resumed, he painted unusual landscapes, peaking in a Symbolist masterpiece of the apocalypse.
He became an ‘Artist of the Soul’, continuing to paint Symbolist motifs, including some drawn from Les Fleurs du Mal, but little after 1908.
He started his career designing Art Nouveau wallpaper, then progressed to book illustration, including Baudelaire’s notorious
A relatively common motif, it started with the peculiar association of death and the erotic, then changed in the late 19th century.
The exhibition featured 360 collages, paintings and sculptures from 69 artists of 14 nations. It launched Surrealism in the UK.
Formed in January 1933 with the sculptor Henry Moore, it was crucial to British Surrealism and modern British art more generally.
Views of St Paul’s and Hampton Court, many paintings of strangely deserted tables laid up for drinks, and more twilight scenes.
The most famous painter from Mauritius, he was most interested in the effects of light, particularly twilight, with eerily quiet and deserted canal scenes.
He won two gold medals at Expositions Universelles. Includes an 11 metre long work with 7 panels, showing scenes from Heaven and Hell.