In the last quarter of the 19th century, steam trains and ships moved artists around, playing an important role in introducing masters to the south of France.
In the 1870s, Manet and Monet introduced steam trains to the world of art. At the Salon, they were met with ridicule, but became an important theme in Impressionism.
At the start of the 19th century, industrial power came from wind and water. Within forty years, steam power was taking over. How quickly did Turner respond to this revolution?
Wanting to draw square-rigged sailing ships, I first tried measuring up contemporary photographs and engravings. Then it got messy.