Staffage – people, animals, birds, carts and ships – make a big difference to many landscape paintings. Have you met the Wanderer too?
Using repeated forms, usually regularly spaced, is a well-known technique for increasing depth, adding optical effects, and more.
The figure appears in later landscapes, including one by Martín Rico, and a pastel by Millet, before being radically revised by Ferdinand Hodler.
Carpets in paintings by Gérôme, his former pupil Osman Hamdi Bey, Georges Rochegrosse, Pierre Bonnard and Paul Nash.
Canals from Sisley at the end of the 19th century, and paintings of Venice by Canaletto, Rico, and of course John Singer Sargent.
In 1873, he went to Italy, fell in love with Venice, and returned there to paint every year. His paintings of Venice secured his reputation.
Leading Spanish landscape painter of the late 19th century, he went to France to train in the 1860s, where he painted with Calame and Pissarro.
Increasingly popular during the 19th century, the Alhambra was painted by von Lenbach, Regnault, Childe Hassam, Australian Tom Roberts, and others.
Exposure to colour was, for centuries, determined by class. The poor lived in largely drab worlds, but the rich surrounded themselves with vivid hues. This all changed in the late 19th century and the 20th.
Looking at paintings of women doing their laundry in a landscape view in historical context.