From a strange rustic nude by Millet, in the 1880s and 90s the Goose Girl was a popular motif. Examples from Lhermitte, Bouguereau, and others.
A major German painter in the late 19th century, he is often claimed to have been an Impressionist, but these works look very Naturalist to me.
Paintings showing women spinning from around 1000 CE to the early 20th century, by Eakins, Tanner, Courbet, van Gogh, Breton, and others,
With the Industrial Revolution, painters started to depict the furnaces and factories which grew rapidly across Europe and North America. This selection runs to 1879.
The major problems in oil painting had been solved before the van Eycks. One was a reliable supply of solvent/diluent spirits.
An illustrated index of the 61 artists covered in this series, with links to detailed coverage.
The main German impressionist painters followed the French Impressionists, with Liebermann and Slevogt continuing to use the style well into the twentieth century.