Unlike Impressionism, which spread relatively slowly, Naturalism was prominent in the Salon, so spread across Europe and North America like wildfire.
In which he establishes separate style and themes from Friedrich, paints some wonderful landscapes in Italy, and explores the nocturne.
What is a professor of obstetrics doing learning to paint with Caspar David Friedrich? Also an important precursor to Darwin, and a friend of Goethe – and wonderful paintings as well.
Until about 1800, Western landscape painting sought to reveal rather than to hide. It was JMW Turner and Caspar David Friedrich who popularised the effect of fog.
A decade in which Ring’s life and work were transformed by marriage to his muse, Sigrid. Many of his best paintings are here.
Wonderful ‘Gothic’ Romantic paintings of remoteness, religion, and rugged landscape from Germany in the 19th century. A very influential painter indeed.
Co-founder of the highly influential Düsseldorf School, he was influenced by Caspar David Friedrich, and Gothic Romantic fiction.
It’s not Chinese, and for centuries was ignored, as lead white was preferred. It came into use during the 19th century, and is seen in paintings by Friedrich, Cézanne, van Gogh, Klimt, and Hodler.
His love of rhythm and symmetry became clear in his figurative and landscape paintings, and attained international success at last.
Take some blue glass, grind it, and turn it into paint: Smalt is one of the strangest of pigments. It extensively used until replaced by Prussian Blue in the early 1700s, and is making a comeback.