From a prototype laid out by Duccio in about 1310, through the vision of Saint Bridget, to modernised versions in a French town or English cattle shed.
An early photo by Julia Margaret Cameron, and paintings by Vasnetsov, Rochegrosse, Walter Crane and a whole series by Lovis Corinth.
More landscape views embedded in 19th and 20th century paintings, as a posthumous tribute to a colleague, or a context for a still life, perhaps.
These became popular during the 18th century, revealing models and those painting them, assistants, and many others. They also became complex allegories.
It was the patrons who funded, enabled, and occasionally directed the movement towards realism and secular subjects, and developed the genres.
Paintings of the city of Florence recreating times past, from Dante’s meeting with Beatrice, to Lorenzo the Magnificent in the late 15th century.
Nine very different nativities, from the apocalyptic warnings of a martyr, through the Emperor Augustus, to Maurice Denis’ nativity in a contemporary French town.
Paintings from a century ago by Fortescue-Brickdale, Franz von Stuck, George Bellows, and John Godward, who committed suicide because of Picasso’s success.
Although too young to have known Rossetti or the Pre-Raphaelites, she painted wonderful allegorical and narrative works well into the 20th century, and was a successful illustrator.
Introduction to a series of articles looking at the work of some of the brilliant women artists who were associated with the movement.